When I carried out this spread I was working on the illustrations to The Nonsense Verse of Edward Lear, in which there are characters called 'they' in the limericks. Lear’s
characters inhabit a real world as
well as a surreal one of
Nonsense.They are subjected to everyday
problems and they are endowed with typical human frailties and feelings, and
hardly any of them are righteous.Very
few idealised heroes or heroines can be found among Lear’s Nonsense.There is a pervading sense of the individual
having to cope with life’s vicissitudes in a society which is nearly always
ready to be critical - especially the inquisitive ‘they’ of the limericks, who
form pressure-groups and behave like nosey-parkers, bureaucrats and bores.George Orwell referred to ‘they’ as ‘the
respectable ones, the right-thinking, art-hating majority’.
Here is an example, among Lear's limericks, ofthe Old Person of Bow -
There was an Old Person of Bow
Whom nobody happened to
So they gave him some
And said coldly, ‘We
You will go back
directly to Bow!
Many of Lear’s limerick subjects
have to endure such insults as this from the ‘gross besetting crowd’.
‘They’ are what Aldous Huxley described as the force of ‘Public Opinion’ which ‘universally abhors
eccentricity’and who are unable to
appreciate talent; as can be witnessed here, for it is ‘they’ again who rebuke the Old Man of Melrose for merely walking on the tips of his toes.